Recently, we learned from sodium benzoate manufacturers that the diet of Chinese residents is generally high in salt and fat, and they eat too fine and single. Chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and cerebral apoplexy are increasing year by year, which has become a serious public health problem. To improve the health literacy level of the whole people, we need the joint efforts of all sectors of society. First of all, we should improve nutrition.
Improving nutrition starts with the details of life
According to the World Health Organization survey, for human health and life expectancy, genetic factors account for only 15%, lifestyle impact accounts for 60%. If we control our lifestyle and behavior well, we can reduce the occurrence of most chronic diseases. "In our country, due to the uneven nutritional intake, the overweight and obese population is growing rapidly, which is also one of the important reasons for the high incidence of chronic diseases in our country at present." Wang Longde, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and President of the Chinese Society of Preventive Medicine, pointed out that, in fact, most chronic diseases can be prevented if lifestyle and behavior are well controlled. "Among them, the most important change factor is a balanced, healthy and scientific diet." In this regard, Wang Longde gave "ten tennis" and "four one" dietary recommendations. The so-called "Ten Tennis" means eating meat no more than the size of one tennis ball a day, equivalent to two tennis-sized staple foods, to ensure that three tennis-sized fruits, no less than four tennis-sized vegetables. "Four One" means one egg a day, one kilogram of milk, one handful of nuts, and one pair of tofu the size of playing cards. Wang Longde said that improving nutrition should start with the details of life.
Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases from Children's Diet
"It's my job to make the children eat well and get fat when I'm new to work. More than 20 years later, my task is still to try to make the children eat well, but the purpose is to let the children quickly thin down. Yang Yuexin, president of China Nutrition Society, said with emotion. From 1995 to 2014, while children's growth retardation and emaciation were significantly improved, the detection rate of overweight and obesity increased from 5.3% to 20.5%, nearly five times. "If effective intervention measures are not taken, the detection rate of overweight and obesity among school-age children aged 7 years and over will reach 28% by 2030."
To reduce the occurrence of overweight children, we still need to start with "eating". In fact, in guiding children's diet, our country has issued relevant policies, such as the management of nutritional meals. "At present, the most important thing is how these policies are implemented, not only in schools, but also in every family." To this end, Yang Yuexin suggested that government-led, multi-sectoral cooperation and participation of the whole society should work together to carry out multi-level prevention of child weight control, strengthen training of nutrition personnel, equip schools with nutritionists, strengthen nutrition education and integrate nutrition management into people's daily life.
Transition of Food Industry to Nutrition and Health
The prevention and control of chronic diseases and the adjustment of the dietary structure of residents will inevitably bring about the transformation of the food industry. So how to turn, how to turn? Sun Junmao, deputy director of the Institute of Food and Nutrition Development of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, said that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas had already carried out relevant work, but the transformation still faced three imbalances and two inconsistent contradictions.
How to deal with the contradictions in the transformation of nutrition and health in food industry? Sun Junmao believes that we should proceed from two persistences, namely, adhere to the concept of "big food, big nutrition and big health", adhere to "nutrition guides consumption, consumption guides production". Among them, large food is to develop a variety of food species. The essence of macronutrient is "continuity", that is, to strengthen the scientific evaluation of food nutritional function, to effectively link the causes of chronic diseases with the development of nutritional functional foods, and to establish a trinity macronutrient concept of subdividing the health needs of the population, the production of nutritional foods and the rational consumption of food. The essence of great health is "wholeness", that is, production, consumption and overall physical and mental health.
According to Sun Junmao, this year the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas will start regular monitoring of food nutrition. "Only by understanding the nutritional quality structure of the food end, can we better control the whole and play a role in the follow-up improvement of health and nutrition." The promotion process will start from two small ends, one is characteristic agricultural products, such as wolfberry, tea and some high nutritional value of grains, beans, and the other is nutritionally fortified agricultural products.
Integrating Information Technology into Nutrition Intervention
Nowadays, with the improvement of information technology, the prevention and control of chronic diseases has entered the age of 4.0. "Big data analysis opens the door for intervention strategy formulation and accurate nutrition implementation." Ning Yi, executive director of Meinian Institute of Public Health, Peking University Medical Department, said that precise nutrition or individual nutrition is based on individual genes, unique flora, health history, environmental factors (including diet and living habits) and various bioinformatics to provide tailored and targeted nutrition, with a view to To prevent and treat diseases.
Big data analysis is one of the directions of precise intervention for chronic diseases. Ning Yi believes that with the deepening of research and the development of the Internet, it is hopeful to achieve personalized interventions for individuals, dynamically track the effects of interventions and timely adjust the programs, so as to achieve the expected results of interventions, prevent diseases and promote rehabilitation of diseases.
At the same time, the conference launched a clinical experiment on the intervention of nutritional substitutes in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes, which was carried out by Shanghai Institute of Life Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, in cooperation with the Oriental Hospital affiliated to Tongji University. For patients with type 2 diabetes, this means that there may be a new scientific explanation for "keeping your mouth shut" and a new way of dietary control for diabetic patients. Chen Yan, vice president of Shanghai Academy of Life Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that as one of the 10 countries with the highest medical burden on diabetes in the world, the sooner we intervene in diabetes, the greater the benefits. (Sodium benzoate manufacturer)